Natural Sciences

10 Characteristics of DNA


When we talk about DNA , we are talking about the macromolecule that forms the basis of heredity. Its acronym stands for deoxyribonucleic acid.

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It is a fairly complex protein located in the nucleus of the cell and its existence guarantees the continuity of the genetic material of living beings .

DNA characteristics

  1. It is a substance formed by several types of molecules linked together, forming chains.
  2. Extends and maintains the information corresponding to the individual.
  3. It transmits the information contained in the DNA .
  4. The DNA molecule is made up of two chains full of nucleotides.
  5. It is made up of phosphoric acid, deoxyribose and a nitrogen base composed of: guanine and adenine.
  6. There are two types of DNA: that which is divided by cellular reproduction and that which is divided by sexual reproduction.
  7. It contains genetic information.
  8. With DNA you can perform the paternity test.
  9. In the links of the chain, the order is exact.
  10. It has four types of links: adenylic acid, guanylic acid, cytidylic acid and thymidylic acid.

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