Natural Sciences

10 Examples of Conductive Materials

The conductive materials are those materials which mediantes can pass electricity in the best way, offering little resistance to the passage. The chemical process of conductive materials can be described as the free movement of some electrons through atoms through a potential contrast passage between the ends of the conductor.

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There are several types of conductors.

  • Metallic conductors: It is part of the group of alloys and metals; They are those that have an electronic conduction due to their free electron charge.
  • Electrolytic conductors: They work by ionic type charge transport, through positive and negative ions. The passage of current works in conjunction with the displacement of matter and the chemical reaction .
  • Gaseous conductive materials: It is considered as ionized gas that has the ability to conduct electricity.

Characteristics of conductive materials

  • Electrical conductivity: It is considered as the ability of certain matter to conduct electricity or electrons through itself.
  • Thermal coefficient of resistivity: Quantifies or measures the opposition force of a material against the electrical force.
  • Thermal conductivity: It is related to the capacity of the material or substance against heat conductivity.
  • Electromotive force: This is the name given to the material device that supplies electrical energy, so it must be able to stimulate the charge through a closed circuit.
  • Mechanical resistance: It is the ability to resist a certain force applied to the material or object without it being able to break.

Conductive Materials Example

  • Iron
  • Copper
  • Aluminum
  • Brass
  • Silver
  • Gold
  • Graphite
  • Mercury
  • Ionized Air
  • Pure zinc

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