20 Examples of Biomimetics

What is biomimetics ?

The biomimetic also known as biomimicry or biomimetics , is a branch of science that raises design ideas based on nature to develop new technologies and designs devices, vehicles and all kinds of tools that can be used to improve the quality of life people. In fact, this concept is much longer than you might think, as various inventions throughout history have been inspired by nature.

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The cobweb is an example of the natural elements in which biomimetics has been inspired, it is studied for the development of more resistant elastic materials. Another example in the field of architecture is taken from bees that have their honeycombs with hexagonal shapes for the storage of as much honey as possible, with the least use of resources .

Currently, one of the most outstanding fields in the field of biomimetics is bionics.

Materials employed

There is no pattern that must be met to be able to develop structures under this principle, however, the handling of various materials that are not toxic to the environment are the main elements to be handled in a structure like this. The purpose is to imitate some natural structures and use natural elements for their elaboration.

20 Examples of Biomimetics

  • The bullet train: its design was inspired by the Kingfisher, a kind of bird.
  • Notched Turbines – Inspired by whale fins.Fabric for swimsuits that avoid friction: it is inspired by the skin of sharks and has a hydrophobic design, that is, it repels water and increases the speed of movement under water.The Ye Zi car: it is a vehicle that mimics photosynthesis, takes the wind from the environment and only with a few panels to produce energy.Paints that “self-cleaning”: They are a type of paints that repel dirt and dust, it is based on the lotus flower that can keep its petals very clean regardless of the dirt in the environment.
  • Eiffel Tower: Gustave Eiffel relied on the spongy structure of human bones, especially the femur, to design the structure of the Tower.
  • Chair that imitates human bones: a chair in the shape of some bones was created that is very comfortable and prevents spinal problems. 
  • Water harvester from the beetle: The desert-dwelling beetle has been studied by scientists for its ability to extract water from moisture only with the help of its body texture as its shell is covered in a slippery wax which channels the water.Absorb shocks like woodpeckers: Scientists try to recreate, in the black boxes of airplanes and spaceships, the ability of woodpeckers to succeed when they peck at trees with force and speed.
  • aincoats and lotus leaves: the ability of the lotus leaf to prevent the surface from remaining dry, the function of creating a fabric where the drops slide.
  • Hook and Loop Clasps: Also known as velcro or magic closure, it is inspired by thistles, a wild plant that has hairs that get caught in other textures. This is how Jorge de Mestral created the closure.Robots in human or animal shape: this is a very obvious example, but one that we cannot leave out. And it is that, it is one of the clear examples of devices created by man inspired by his own nature. An example is the climbing robots, based on the anatomy and functions of geckos.
  • Pure Bond – is a waterproof glue that was inspired by mussels and their ability to stick to rocks or other materials despite being wet.
  • Night vision: the vision of animals such as dogs has been studied a lot, because, depending on the results, night vision has been created, which, moreover, tries to be as effective as that of animals.Hypodermic needle: the fangs of snakes that introduce venom or other substance to the animals or people they bite, was the basis for creating the needles used in injectors.
  • The first tunnel under the River Thames : its design was inspired by the teredo navalis worm.
  • Bionic car: If we talk about only superficial part, the design of this car is very similar to the appearance of the boxfish.Gecko adhesive tape: a product in development that will try to imitate the adherence that the legs of animals such as the chameleon and others have.
  • Andalusian Gemasolar solar plant: inspired by a sunflower with its seeds.
  • Screens of some gadgets: Many manufacturers improved the screens of their gadgets using as a guide a characteristic of the butterfly wings, which reflects light based on wavelength.

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