Natural Sciences

30 Characteristics of the cell

The cell

A cell is classified as a minimum module that forms an organism . It is the minimum organization of life that is known and they comply with the steps of relationship, reproduction and nutrition.

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Cell characteristics

  1. It is the minimum unit of life of all living beings.
  2. It has autonomy and reproductive capacity .
  3. It is surrounded by a cell membrane whose function is to separate it from the outside.
  4. Some have a cell wall outside the plasma membrane.
  5. They have regenerative capacity.
  6. Each cell has a minimum intelligence level, which allows it to know the function that it must perform.
  7. The cell membrane is the one that surrounds the cytoplasm.
  8. Important metabolic processes occur within the cytoplasm .
  9. The genetic material of every existing cell is known as DNA.
  10. The nutrition process of cells is autonomous, that is, they absorb nutrients by themselves.
  11. All cells are nourished through substances found in the environment that they transform.
  12. They release energy and eliminate waste through the metabolic process.
  13. The process of reproduction of a cell is generated by division.
  14. During the process of development and growth of a cell, these can acquire sizes and shapes that differentiate them from the rest.
  15. The process of development and growth of a cell is rapid.
  16. When a cell dies, another is born to replace it.
  17. The difference in the cell can cause a cell to produce something that it previously did not produce.
  18. Cells communicate with each other.
  19. They are responsible for alerting the rest of the cells when there is a problem or threat in the body where they live.
  20. They can respond to chemical and physical stimuli.
  21. Cells are divided into two groups: prokaryotes and eukaryotes.
  22. Prokaryotic cells do not have a nucleus or organelles.
  23. The internal organization of prokaryotic cells is simple.
  24. prokaryotic cells are small and form a single circular chromosome.
  25. Bacteria and cyanobacteria are an integral part of the prokaryotic cell group.
  26. Eukaryotic cells have an organelle and a nucleus.
  27. The internal organization of these eukaryotic cells, unlike prokaryotes, are much more complex.
  28. Eukaryotic cells are much larger.
  29. They are directed by a process called mitosis.
  30. These cells are part of both multicellular and unicellular organisms.

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