What is an analysis?

An analysis refers to the process that is carried out to decompose a whole in order to study each of its elements in greater depth . Through the analysis it is possible to carefully examine each of the characteristics, elements, states and other factors that are part of a specific topic.

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The act of analyzing or observing allows analysis, which can be carried out in different settings. Thanks to this, the human being has been able to discover many of the laws that govern the universe. It should be noted that, although analysis is usually associated with science, this process can be applied in almost any field, subject and so on.

Analysis types

When used in different fields, it is possible to distinguish a large number of types of analysis . Even so, each type, in essence, consists of the same thing: analyzing in detail each element that is part of a whole.


Chemical analysis seeks to understand matter and the reactions that occur after exposing one substance or matter with another. To perform this type of analysis, specialized instruments and laboratory techniques are required .


This type of analysis is intended to interpret any artistic expression . The interpretation that people give to a work of art is subjective, therefore, when analyzing it, each individual will reach a different conclusion.


In this case, a careful analysis of a patient is sought. For this, the patient undergoes an evaluation, as well as examinations and tests. All this, in order to find the causes of their ailments and / or diseases , as well as the possible treatments to indicate.


Everything related to the finances of a company or organization is studied. Therefore, capital, assets, as well as debts, expenses and assets, are studied exhaustively. This type of analysis is carried out by companies on an annual basis, allowing them to know exactly the general state of their finances.

Quantitative and qualitative analysis

In each type of analysis, the different characteristics that make up the whole are taken into account; Depending on what is taken into account, the way of analyzing can be qualitative or quantitative. In the first case, the qualitative characteristics of the study object or phenomenon are analyzed, that is, its nature, behavior, among others.

On the other hand, when analyzing quantitatively, the figures related to the object or phenomenon of study are taken into account. These figures can be weight, quantity, volume, and so on.

Other types of analysis

  • Theoretical: Also called conceptual analysis, it consists of analyzing each of the concepts or bases of a specific topic.
  • Experimental: In this case, unlike the previous one that focuses only on concepts, in the experimental one, experimentation is required. To analyze in this way, the phenomenon to be studied must be reproduced in a laboratory, all under controlled conditions.
  • Formal: Everything related to the phenomenon or object of study is studied, both characteristics such as context, origin and much more.
  • Structural: Analyze the structure of an object and each of its parts. It focuses on the study of the external part of what you want to analyze.
  • Comprehensive: In this type of analysis, a thorough and exhaustive study is carried out of each of the elements that are part of what you want to study. All possible variables are taken into account and all components of the whole are analyzed separately.

Analysis examples

  • In the laboratories samples of blood, feces and urine are analyzed to find any irregularities in the health of patients.
  • When a statistical study is carried out, it is necessary to analyze the collected figures.
  • When you want to demonstrate the effectiveness of a theoretical model, a theoretical analysis is carried out.
  • When conducting surveys, the data collected must be analyzed for later interpretation.

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