Natural Sciences


A desert is a territorial area that does not have many natural resources, such as water and vegetation, so it is very difficult for it to be the habitat of living beings, at least throughout its entire surface. Deserts occupy a quarter of the planet’s surface.

One of its characteristics is that its soil is very dry (although there may be frozen water underneath) and infertile.

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On the other hand, areas full of dunes or dunes, such as the Sahára, are also known as desert.

On the other hand, areas that are not inhabited are called desert . Perhaps these places do not have the adequate conditions to house people, so they remain without any apparent activity.

Characteristics of deserts

They have a very small amount of water . They are deposited on the stones, on the sand or on the leaves of some plants, if there are any. In some deserts it rains every so often (years).

It has plants adapted to climate and soil conditions . Not all deserts are infertile. Some of the plants typical of these places carry water inside to be able to subsist, as is the case with cacti. Another common characteristic is that they are plants that grow very fast, even in one day.

There is little or no amount of fauna . Some of the animals that are in some deserts are lizards, lizards, snakes, also mice, rats, shrews, and arachnics such as spiders, scorpions, antelopes, impalas, etc.

The wind has a lot of speed . Sandstorms can occur in dune deserts that last for many hours or days. These storms bury animals and plants, but they help disperse seeds, causing plants to grow in other areas where perhaps there were none.

It is very hot . It is typical of these places that the temperatures are very high at any time of the day, although at night it is usually the opposite: the temperature is close to zero.

Some deserts have inhabitants . In addition to flora and fauna, there are desert lands that host people, especially on the banks of rivers or oases.

Examples of deserts

  • Guajira Desert (Venezuela and Colombia).
  • Siloli Desert (Bolivia).
  • Atacama Desert (Chile).
  • Gobi Desert (South Mongolia and North China).
  • Antarctic Polar Desert.
  • The Ischigualasto (Argentina).
  • Namib Desert (Angola, Namibia and South Africa).
  • Syrian desert.
  • Arctic Circle.
  • Andean Puna (Chile, Argentina, Bolivia and Peru).
  • Medanos de Coro (Venezuela).
  • Gibson Desert (Australia).
  • Kalahari Desert (Botswana, Namibia and South Africa).
  • Chihuahuan Desert (Mexico and USA).
  • Great Victoria Desert (Australia).
  • Arab desert (Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, Jordan, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia).
  • Lop Nor Desert (China).
  • Gurbantünggüt Desert (China).
  • Taklamakan Desert (Asia).
  • Eastern Patagonia (Argentina-Chile).
  • Australian deserts.
  • Sahara Desert (Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania, Algeria, Tunisia, Mali, Niger, Libya, Chad and Egypt).

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