Chemistry

What is the Difference Between Acid and Base?

Acid vs Base

the major Difference Between Acid and Base is that Acid is a substance that dissolved in water, ionizes, and releases hydrogen ions in solution while Base is a substance that dissolved in water, ionized, and releases hydroxide or hydroxyl ions in solution.

Acid

  1. An acid is a chemical substance that donates protons during a chemical reaction.
  2. It turns blue litmus to red.
  3. Acids have a sour taste. For example, unripe citrus fruits or lemon juice.
  4. They are corrosive in the concentrated form.
  5. Their aqueous solutions conduct electric currents.

Base

  1. A base is a chemical substance that accepts a proton during a chemical reaction.
  2. It turns red litmus to blue.
  3. Bases have a bitter taste and feel slippery, for example, soap is slippery to touch.
  4. They are non-corrosive except for the concentrated forms of NaOH and KOH.
  5. Their aqueous solutions conduct electric currents.

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