Difference Between Aldehydes And Ketones

the Major Difference Between Aldehydes vs Ketones is that Aldehydes contains R-CHO, more reactive than ketones, always occur at end of the carbon chain and are found in volatile compounds while Ketones have R-CO-R, cannot be oxidized without breaking of the carbon chain, occur in the middle of the chain and found in sugars.

In this article, you are going to learn step by step about Aldehydes vs. Ketones.

This post Also includes:

  • Aldehydes And Ketones – Summary
  • Comparison Table – Aldehydes vs Ketones
  • What are Aldehydes?
  • What are Ketones?
  • Lots more

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Let’s Dive right in…


Aldehydes and Ketones are two different organic compounds that are found commonly everywhere. both can be synthesized artificially in the chemical field as well as are formed as natural sources. they contain molecules consisting of the carbonyl group in which the carbon atoms are double-bonded with an oxygen atom. the carbonyl group or atoms are hybridized as SP2.

in this way, both aldehydes and ketones make a flat trigonometric geometry or arrangements around the present carbonyl atom which is a polar group having higher boiling points as compared to many others of the same atomic weight. for example, hydrocarbons.

the basic difference between aldehydes and ketones is present in the chemical structure of both. although they contain carbon atoms (C=O) but their carbonyl atom’s arrangement is different.

in chemical industries, the simplest form of aldehydes and ketones is produced on a large scale. they are used as raw materials as well as solvents to prepare other organic compounds. the carbonyl group is also known as the functional group.

since aldehydes and ketones are known as organic compounds or substances, they are mostly made up of hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon atoms but can not be able to make stronger hydrogen bonds like in alcohol. 

What are Aldehydes?

Aldehydes are a type of organic compound that has the formula RCHO. These compounds have an interesting and useful property: they can be used as a natural preservative to keep foods from going bad.

This is because aldehyde molecules contain a double bond on one side, so when it reacts with other molecules, it adds oxygen or hydrogen to form water and this prevents spoilage.

Aldehydes also have another property that makes them powerful for preserving food: they release pleasant scents like lemons, oranges, or roses into the air around them which can make people feel more relaxed and less stressed out. Read more about what these fascinating compounds do in this blog post!

What are Ketones?

Ketones are a byproduct of the breakdown of fat. They can be detected in your breath, urine, or blood and their presence indicate that you have high levels of ketones in your body. Ketones are often used as an indicator for diabetes mellitus type 1, but they can also occur when someone is fasting or following a very low carbohydrate diet.

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