Chemistry

Difference Between Ester And Ether

The Major Difference Between Ester And Ether is that Ester needed two carbon and oxygen atoms to complete its structure, derived from carboxylic acids, and have carbonyl group while Ether needed one oxygen and two carbon atoms to complete its structure. moreover, they do not have carbonyl groups and are derived from alcohol.

Ester vs Ether in Tabular Form

due to the carbonyl group, it can polarize Easily.  Doesn’t have a carbonyl group so it is unpolarized.
they are derived often from carboxylic acids they are often derived from alcohol.
–COO functional group is present in Esters. –O- functional group present in Ethers. 
due to the. carbonyl group, they do not have symmetrical structures. Ethers can have a symmetrical structure if both alkyl groups on either side of the oxygen atom in an ether group are similar.
carbon and oxygen atoms are linked with a double bond. carbon and oxygen atom is linked with a single bond.
examples of ester: Ethyl propanoate   examples of ether: Dimethyl ether 

Explanation: 

Ester and Ether both are functional groups and are used to categorized organic chemical compounds. ether is an organic molecule having two carbon atoms bonded with a single oxygen atom for example dimethyl ether while Ester is a Carboxylic group containing one carbon and one oxygen atom bonded together, for example, ethyl propanoate. hence, they are differed from each other due to their structure.

examples of ether and an estertwo oxygen atoms and two carbon atoms are always necessary to complete the characteristic structure of the ester group. on the other hand, one oxygen atom and two carbon atoms complete the structure of the ether group. 

What is Ester?

Esters are organic compounds that contain the carboxyl functional group. They can be produced by reacting an acid with an alcohol and they have a distinctive, fruity odor. Ester reactions occur when there is a double bond between two carbons and this could result in either esters or other types of chemical compounds such as ketones, ethers, etc.

What Is Ether?

Ether is a colorless, volatile liquid with the chemical formula C2H5-O. It has a distinctive smell and taste that can be detected in low concentrations. Ether is used as an industrial solvent and in the manufacture of varnishes, lacquers, linoleum, celluloid, and plastics.

In general chemistry, it is often used to demonstrate stoichiometry when solving gas laws problems or for separating organic compounds from water solutions by distillation methods.

Inorganic chemistry, ethers are often classified into two types: primary ethers which contain one hydrocarbon group bound to oxygen through a single bond (e.g., CH3-O-), and secondary ethers which contain two hydrocarbon groups bound to oxygen through one or more

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