The Major Difference Between Monocot and Dicot is that Monocots have only one seed leaf inside the seed coat and have often only a thin leaf because the endosperm to feed the new plant is not inside the seed leaf while dicots have two seed leaves inside the seed coat and are usually flat and rounded.
|Dicot Seed|| |
|1.||seeds contain two cotyledons.||Seeds contain one cotyledon.|
|2.||they have 3–5 petals and Sepals.||they have 3–5 petals or Tepals.|
|3.||The fibrous root system is found.||A taproot system is found.|
|4.||it has a Root Phloem between the arms of the Xylem.||have root Xylem and Phloem in a ring.|
|5.||secondary growth can occur.||No secondary growth can occur.|
|6.||Perianth Distinctly two whorls.||Perianth, not distinctly two whorls.|
|7.||the flower part for dicot is fours or fives and their multiples.||the flower part is present in threes and multiples of three also.|
|8.||vascular bundles are present in the form of a distinct ring.||the vascular bundles are scattered in the stem.|
|9.||flowers are pentamerous.||flowers are tetramerous.|
|10.||Petals and Sepals Distinctly colors.||Petals or Tepals are distinctly colored.|
|11.||their leaf veins make a net pattern or venation.||the leaf veins form a parallel pattern or venation.|
These plants produce seeds that consist of only one segment like Maize are called Monocot plants. they have a single cotyledon with narrow long leaves having parallel veins and vascular bundles scattered. monocotyledons always had flower parts in multiples of threes.
are orchids, lilies, grasses, bananas, and palm trees.
Those plants which produce seeds comprising two segments like gram are called dicot plants. the dicots have double or two cotyledons having a broadleaf network of veins. they have a ring of vascular bundles with flower parts in multiples of five and four.
roses, oak trees, cacti, daisies, lentils, peas peanuts, and beans.
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