What is eclecticism?

Eclecticism refers to an ancient group of some philosophers who, based on their different philosophical beliefs, began the grouping of the most acceptable doctrines according to their various opinions and based on that they built a new doctrine and consequently a new system .

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Eclectic is understood as a rule or body of wisdom that takes notions from various schools or theoretical propositions, without paying attention to the consequent coherence of this conglomerate of ideas. Given this event, the term “eclectic” has a pejorative connotation, insofar as it refers to assertions and requests that are inconsistent with each other, lacking a systematic organicity.

Eclecticism takes its nickname from a philosophical school in Greece and ancient Rome that prided itself on avoiding any union with systematicity , preferring from other philosophical schools those manuals that they considered adequate. Thus, the term “eklektikos” meant “to choose the best.”

This doctrine desperately sought to reach the absolute and total truth of everything that surrounded them. In this sense, it is directly related to all that choice and selection of the various elements that are needed to achieve the creation of something new. In this sense, the basis of this doctrine were the stoic, metaphysical and philosophical elements.

Basis of eclecticism

Its approach is not directed according to a single paradigm or various assumptions , in this sense, its foundation originates from multiple theories that together form a complementarity of ideas according to a specific purpose.

Viewed from the point of view of theology and philosophy , this doctrine seeks to compile and select various doctrines arising from various systems of thought without necessarily having to adopt the entire system. In this sense, the compilation of ideas, proposals, experiences and actions is carried out in order to create something new and unique.


  • The behavior is not very important as it only reveals the organization and development of the intellect.
  • The environment has a disturbing or unbalanced role.
  • Look for a way to avoid ascription to particular theories.
  • It is considered as a philosophy of common sense.
  • Defend the truth and seek conciliation in the face of possible problems.
  • He suffers from a loss of identity and always has a concept opposed to the truth.
  • It was used as an opening method for the teaching and dissemination of new theories related to science and philosophy.

Examples of eclecticism

  1. Learning capacity
  2. Reasoning ability
  3. Multiple mental abilities
  4. Various learned human abilities.
  5. Own analysis capacity.

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