Effects and Causes of Unemployment in a Society

Unemployment is one of the greatest problems. It pollutes the society and creates criminals. An unemployed person suffers from inferiority complex in the society. It is difficult to expect honesty and nobility from a person who cannot by medicine for his ailing child. So an unemployed person cannot pay proper attention to his social and moral duties.


Unemployment is a worldwide problem but it has hit the backward countries in the worst way. It creates the feeling of failure in man. It spreads hunger and poverty. It has become one of our national problems. About 30% of our population is living below poverty line because of unemployment. It has affected the educated as well as uneducated.

There are various reasons of unemployment. Rapid growth of population is one of them. Every year thousands of new mouths are born to be feed with. The resources of the country are very limited. New resources are not generated as rapidly as the fast growing population. Most of the resources are under the control of elite.

Our education system is faulty and does not teach dignity of labor. It fails to ensure mental, moral and technical development of the students. It has generated unemployment because it does not prepare the students for the specific vocations in life. It lays stress on general and liberal education and fails to produce skilled people.


There is lack of technical and vocational institutes in the country. So our graduates are more suited to clerical jobs than to skilled factory operation. Similarly, there is no coordination between our educational and industrial programs. As a result, there is no proper network of industries which could ensure employment for the people.

Effective steps are required to control unemployment. Population bomb should be defused before its explosion. More technical and vocational institutes should be set up. Similarly, more industrial units should be set up. Mineral resources should be used properly.

A positive revolution can come if the human resources and mineral resources of the country are used honestly. The culture of merit should be introduced. The state should shoulder its responsibilities. It should create opportunities of employment for every citizen. Public should cooperate with the government to defeat unemployment. The problem of unemployment can be solved with help of the rulers and the ruled alike.

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