Natural Sciences

Examples of gymnosperm plants

Gymnosperm plants

The  gymnosperms are a kind of grown plants from seed and generate them themselves. They are known to be vascular and spermaphroditic. This type of plant does not have an ovary inside and on the contrary its seeds are naked , this means that they are not inside the fruit; They do not have flowers and instead usually have a pineapple known as gymnosperms.

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These plants have robust and large forms , have a fairly long life span in many cases and can be only shrubs or trees and their height is considerable compared to other plants.

Gymnosperm plants are woody and generally lack aquatic properties, although they do present epiphytic characteristics, they can be found in all parts of the world, especially in areas where the climate is cold, several types of these plants are used for the production of wood.


  • The seeds it develops are not generated in the ovaries
  • They do not have fruits or flowers
  • They have branches of limited growth
  • Produce fertile leaves
  • Its seeds are exposed
  • They have separate sexes
  • Female cones produce ovules
  • Male cones produce pollen grains
  • They are ancient plants
  • They are considered plants of the Carboniferous period
  • Can be produced without the need for water
  • They are woody
  • They are vascular


Among gymnosperm plants we have a classification or types of which we can mention:

  • The pinophitas , also known as conifers. Of these, at least approximately 600 species are known.
  • The Ginkgophites. Currently only one of these species is known alive and the others extinct. They are considered mostly as living fossils .
  • The Cycadophitas. They are very similar to palms and are generally known as cycads.
  • The Gnetophites . They are shaped like a vine or small shrub whose stems are short and their leaves seem to have scales.

Examples of gymnosperm plants

  1. Cypress trees
  2. Ginkgos
  3. Cedar
  4. Araucaria
  5. Sabina
  6. Pine tree
  7. Douglasia
  8. Larch
  9. Redwood
  10. Juniper
  11. Yew
  12. Tsuga
  13. Spruce
  14. Firs
  15. Larches
  16. Sequoias
  17. Maniao
  18. Lleuque
  19. Araucaria
  20. Cicadas

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