Natural Sciences

Examples of Monosaccharides

The monosaccharides are a type of sugars which are composed from two to seven atom s carbon single molecule . They are derived from plants and have the characteristic of being easily absorbed by the body. Like all kinds of sugars in the body, they are converted into energy to carry out daily tasks.

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Monosaccharides that are not used for energy will be deposited as fat . Other property that these types of sugars have is to intervene in the generation of new cells , increase resistance and in adequate quantities allow to improve blood flow, in addition, this type of saccharides help in the production of waste.

15 Examples of Monosaccharides

  1. Ribose
  2. Deoxyribose
  3. Fructose
  4. Fucosa
  5. Psycho
  6. Eritrosa
  7. Glucosamine
  8. Glucose
  9. Glyceraldehyde
  10. Galactose
  11. Fucosa
  12. Muramic acid
  13. Aldosas
  14. Tetrosa
  15. Pentosas
  16. Hexoses
  17. Ketose

Know Some Functions of Monosaccharides

It is important to highlight some functions of monosaccharides and they are the following:

  • Source of Energy: monosaccharides and carbohydrates are essential elements in the human diet since this is a source of energy.
  • Cellular interaction: DNA and RNA are the molecules responsible for inheritance and have sugars in their structure.
  • Components of oligosaccharides: Monosaccharides are the building blocks of oligosaccharides.

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