Predation is an action carried out in the biological field. It is an interaction between animal species in which one hunts the other, generally for survival instinct, for the basic need for food; this interaction occurs between different species.
Many animals use their olfactory or visual senses which are more developed than others. This process occurs through stalking so that the predatory animal stealthily pursues its prey until it catches it; It is important to note that an animal can be a predator and a prey at the same time, which will depend on the ecosystem and habitat.
The predation in terms of ecology is a necessary process to maintain a balance in the ecosystem of the planet as this can prevent the population of species, however, cases may occur in which a species animal play beyond normal which can negatively alter the balance of said ecosystem especially when there is scarcity or total absence of the predatory animal.
In predation it is possible to determine which species are predators and prey , this thanks to the well-known food chain which is supported by the concept of energy transfer through a wide food network, in summary we can say that a carnivorous animal can be the predator of a herbivore and at the same time the latter will be the predator of plants.
Examples of predation
- The lion hunts zebras, gazelles, etc.
- The snake hunts mice.
- The frog hunts beetles, flies, and other insects.
- The spider catches flies.
- The hawk hunts snakes.
- The fox hunts hares.
- The weasel hunts amphibians, fish, and insects.
- The tiger when hunting wild boar
- The wolf when he is about to hunt a bird
- Fish when hunted by seals
- Birds that get their food through the backs of horses or similar animals, eating their insects and parasites that may be housed in it.
- The cat when it hunts the mouse.
- You get it when they eat worms.
- The gazelle when it becomes the prey of a tiger.
- The fish that serve as food for sharks.
- The leming being preyed upon by the arctic owl.
- Penguins are prey for seals.
- The cougar is a predator of the mule deer.
- The worms are prey to the badger.
- The anteater is a predator of ants.
Types of predation
- Hervivora: this type of predation is about the relationship between the predator and the plant, the plant being the prey.
- Parasitism: in this type of predation, the main characteristic is based on the size and action of the predator, since it is much smaller than the prey and its action does not kill the prey for at least a certain period of time (depending on the parasite ). This is because the predator needs prey to live.
- Commensalism: through this type of relationship, one of the parties (in this case the predator) benefits from the other (the prey). The difference with this type of predation is that the prey neither benefits nor is harmed.
- Mutualism: It is the only case where both involved, both predator and prey, benefit.
- Competition: It is a type of relationship where several species of the same or similar group compete with each other in order to obtain a prey or space that is considered finite and limited.