Natural Sciences

Examples of rodents in the world

Rodents are considered the largest group of mammals, making up almost half of the approximately 4,660 species of mammals.

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This time we want to share some examples of rodents in the world.

Examples of Rodents

  1. Guinea pig

This is a species of rodent domesticated in South America and belongs to the Cavy family. It resembles other rodents in having a robust body with short limbs, large head and eyes, as well as short ears. Guinea pig feet have hairless soles, short, sharp claws.

  1. Rat

It is one of the most common examples of rodents in the world. It is also the term generally and indiscriminately applied to a large number of members of various families of rodents that have bodies larger than 12 cm or 5 inches.

In its scientific use, the term rat applies to any of the 56 species of fine-tailed, medium-sized rodents.

  1. Beaver

Beavers are the largest rodents in North America and Eurasia , as well as being the second largest rodent in the world. Their bodies stretch up to 80 cm long and usually weigh between 16 to 30 kg.

Environmentalists often refer to beavers as “ecosystem engineers” because of their ability to alter the landscapes in which they inhabit.

  1. Capybara

The capybara or capybara, is the largest living rodent in the world, a semi-aquatic mammal of Central and South America. It is the only member of the Hydrochoeridae family, it resembles the caby and the guinea pig, however in this case they are rodents that can measure up to 1.25 meters long or even more.

They are shy and group along the banks of rivers and lakes; they normally feed in the morning and at night, so they spend most of the day resting.

  1. Chinchilla

It is an example of rodents in the world, which is highly prized for its fur, which is extremely soft and thick. Because of this they were hunted almost to extinction and although they remain rare in the wild, they are bred commercially and are also sold as pets.

The chinchillas weigh up to 800 grams and have a very large compact body of about 38 cm long, eyes, long ears, and a long, bushy tail up to 15 cm.

  1. Hamster

Hamsters are large rodents that have a tail that is much shorter than their body length . They are also distinguished by having small, furry ears, as well as stubby, wide legs, just like their feet. Its thick and long coat varies from a grayish hue to a reddish brown, depending on the species.

  1. Porcupine

The porcupine is a rodent that is active from afternoon to dawn. They all have short, stubby legs, although their tails range from short to long, some are even prehensile.

Their quills or spines can take various forms depending on each species, however they are all modified hairs embedded in the musculature of the skin.

  1. ChipmunIt is a rodent mammal whose characteristics are quite distinctive. They have a fluffy tail and a lot of fur . Their tail, which is approximately 25 cm or more , allows them to maintain balance while jumping over trees, to swim and to move.

Its size and weight can vary depending on the type of squirrel , as well as its color, and can be brown, yellow, black, white, orange, gray, red or reddish. The type of color generally depends on its location on the planet.

  1. Prairie dogs

These animals are mammals native to the prairies of Mexico, Canada, and the United States . They are herbivorous burrowing animals , a species of ground rodents. They have a short fur and tail, round ears, and a small, pointed, black nose.

These types of mammals are considered quite orderly and organized. In their burrows they have rooms, a nursery, a latrine, a pantry and emergency exits.

  1. Voles

They are a species of rodent that are mainly located in Europe and some areas of Asia. They have a grayish brown fur and almost imperceptible round ears, hidden by their fur. Its tail is short and its weight is approximately 27 grams.

This type of rodents are characterized by walking in packs or groups and are known to be diurnal and not hibernate. They work in groups against predator attacks, protecting each other.

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