- Problem Statement
- Formulation of a hypothesis
- Result and verification of the hypothesis
- Theory, Conclusion
This is the sequence that takes place when facing a new phenomenon of reality and about which you want to know everything possible. Scientific knowledge is constantly growing and transforming , because it is the endless search for the truth that surrounds us. It is distinguished by its formality and by the academic studies that must be taken to address the problems in the greatest possible depth. This preparation is what differentiates it from empirical knowledge.
Scientific knowledge has been documented over the decades and textbooks that teach science at all levels have been created as a result. Engineering manuals, for example, are full of scientific knowledge. It is the same with books on Chemistry, Biology, Physics, Mathematics and many other disciplines. Their validity is so great that educational programs include them to offer it to students.
Every time the scientific method is executed from beginning to end, a Law or Theory is obtained that explains the phenomenon or problem, unequivocally and in force for many generations. This is the case of the Theory of Universal Gravitation and the three Laws of Thermodynamics, for example. From the Laws and Theories, many more aspects of knowledge are developed and the sciences, pillars of the development of civilization, are thus consolidated.
Applied scientific knowledge will result in technology, useful to solve the problems that arise for humanity. People interested in an area go to universities to learn the discipline for the duration of a professional career, and thus acquire sufficient scientific knowledge to put it into practice. Now, if your interest is to contribute more knowledge to the existing compendium, your option is postgraduate studies and research.
Examples of scientific knowledge
- The rotational motion of the Earth
- The translational motion of the Earth
- The Law of Universal Gravitation
- The Differential Calculus
- The Integral Calculus
- The Kinetics of Chemical Reactions
- The three Laws of Thermodynamics
- Gas exchange that occurs during respiration: oxygen is inhaled, carbon dioxide is exhaled.
- The behavior of oxidation-reduction reactions (REDOX)
- The functioning of every organ in the human body.
- Blood circulation
- The processes of cells and their organelles
- Obtaining energy by nuclear fission
- Obtaining energy by nuclear fusion
- The electromagnetic spectrum
- Radioactivity and its forms of energy
- Coulomb’s Law
- Ohm’s Law
- The Laws of gases
- The prediction of rainfall according to the climatic state
- The calculation of the distances between the stars such as the sun and the Earth
- The study of the properties of materials
- The study of the properties of energy
- The analysis of an evaporation equipment
- The development of new drugs in the laboratory
- The data of the mass of the planet Earth
- The Fourier equation of heat conduction, which states that the heat flux per unit area and unit time is proportional to the gradient of the temperature difference.
- Bernoulli’s Equation for the transport of fluids, which is a balance of energies between the initial state and the final state.
- Newton’s Second Law or Law of inertia: every body tends to remain in its original state of rest or motion in which it is, unless a force alters that state.
- Newton’s Third Law: every action corresponds to a reaction, of equal magnitude but in the opposite direction.