Natural Sciences

Female reproductive system

The female reproductive system is responsible, along with the male reproductive system, of procreating a new being, and also feeding it in its first months of birth through breast milk.

An important part of this system is to allow the detailed development of an individual for nine or less, until waiting for the ideal moment to be born.

Related Articles

Multiple deliveries are possible, so a woman’s body is prepared for many reproductive-related situations.

Components and functioning of the reproductive system in women

Unlike other systems, this one is made up of external organs ( genitals ), in addition to internal ones. In some sources, the breasts are included as part of the reproductive system, although they certainly do not intervene directly, only to manifest certain symptoms of the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and other states.

Other organs that are not mentioned often, but are involved in reproduction, are the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and adrenal glands.

The hypothalamus controls and regulates the reactions that are generated between the genital organs, the pituitary and the adrenal glands. The main function of the glands is to release the hormones necessary to carry out chemical processes in the ovaries, such as the secretion of estrogen , progesterone and a certain amount of androgen (male hormones). Postpartum, the pituitary gland receives a signal from the hypothalamus to secrete prolactin , the hormone that leads to milk production.

You need a male gamete:

As both male and female organs must participate in the human reproduction process, the production of eggs in women is not enough, in fact, that happens every month; they simply do not become an embryo because they are not fertilized.

For the process to begin, a male gamete will be necessary, that is, a sperm and an egg, which would be the female gamete. When both gametes fuse, the ovum begins its journey to a certain location in the uterus where it will begin to subdivide and generate its internal processes until the formation of the fetus.

Specifically, the parts of this system in women are:

  • Cervix
  • Ovary
  • Breasts
  • Uterus
  • Vagina
  • Hypothalamus,
  • Hypophysis
  • Kidney glands.

Examples of processes in the female reproductive system

    • Ovulation during the fertile cycle.
    • Menstruation or period.
    • Allow intercourse or sexual intercourse.
    • Giving birth through surgery or natural delivery (vagina).
    • Feeding the baby through the breasts and their constant milk production during a certain period of postpartum.

Diseases or disorders can also occur:

  • Cysts in ovaries.
  • Breast or uterine cancer.
  • Prolapse of the uterus.
  • Vaginal yeast infection.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button