Soccer has become a sport that unites cultures. There are many players who have obtained glory, on and off the courts thanks to their skills with the ball.
This discipline is famous thanks to the championship where many countries participate at the same time. FIFA organizes the World Cup every four years , and it is an event that “paralyzes” almost the entire planet due to the emotions it produces in the fans. But like all sports, it also contains rules, so if you want to organize a tournament or practice sport in a professional way, you need to know all the soccer rules that exist.
Next, we will take a look at the 17 rules of football that each commitment must comply with, regardless of whether it is an official match or not.
Examples of soccer rules
- The court: the playing field must be between 90 and 120 meters long, by 45 and 90 meters wide. If it is an official FIFA game, the dimensions must be: 64m x 100m or 75m x 110m maximum.
- The ball: one of the great protagonists of the game, and that lately they have been endowed with the highest quality, it must have a perimeter of between 68 and 70 cm, with a diameter of between 21.65 and 22.29 cm.
- The number of players: There must be two teams on the field with 11 players each, and one must be a goalkeeper. During normal playing time each team can make up to three player changes.
- The players’ equipment: all players on the field must have a shirt of their respective club, with their name and number, shorts, long socks, shin guards and special shoes for the field. Goalkeepers must have the same uniform style, but wearing gloves and colors different from those of their teammates and the opposing team.
- The referee: the central referee will always remain on the field. It will indicate the start, end of the first half and end of the match. This judge is also in charge of warning with a yellow or red card when he deems it necessary. He is also responsible for indicating the throw-ins, goal kicks, corner kicks, goals, offside, own goals and, look at the VAR to confirm plays that must be corrected.
- The assistant referees: signal plays that occur on the wings. They sentence hand kicks, signal changes and misplaced.
- Duration of the match: the game is divided into two halves, each half will last 45 minutes. The referee may find it necessary to add a few minutes to each half, due to the number of times players stopped due to injuries or fouls. If it is a knockout match and during the 90 minutes neither team scored a valid goal, then the game will be extended for a further 30 minutes divided into two 15-minute halves. If the winner is still not decided, they will go to penalties.
- Kick-off: before starting the game, the referee will toss a coin whose result will determine which team will choose its side of the court, in addition to having the first service. For this, each team captain will choose one side of the coin and thus cast lots.
- Ball in play or out of play: the ball will be in play if it remains within the white lines that limit the field of play, either in the air or on the ground. Otherwise, if you go completely through those lines you will be out of play and a serve will be taken.
- Goal Scored – A goal is scored when it completely crosses the line below the top front goal post.
- Offside: a striker will be offside if he tries to catch the ball in front of the opposing team’s defensive line, when a teammate passes the ball to him.
- Fouls: there are fouls if there are physical aggressions, dangerous plays, collisions with excessive force and bad intention in the plays. There is also a foul when a player (other than the goalkeeper) touches the ball with his arm or hand during the match. For his part, the goalkeeper cannot take the ball with his hands outside his area, nor if it reaches him after a pass from a teammate.
- Free kicks: if the referee signals a free kick, depending on the nature of the previous play, the shot may be direct to the goal (with a barrier of rival players to the shooter) or indirect, far from the goal and with the only option of making a pass to a partner.
- Penalty: it is sentenced when a serious foul occurs in the goal area of any team. The team that receives the foul will have the right to take a direct shot (11 meters from the goal) to the goal, where the opposing goalkeeper must prevent the ball from penetrating.
- Throw-in: it is done when the ball, in possession of a certain team, crosses one of the side lines. The opposing team will serve.
- Goal kick: occurs when the ball passes one of the top lines (near the goals and outside the corner lines). The last team that touched the ball will lose possession of the ball and the opponent will serve.
- Corner kick: If the ball leaves the end lines of the court and very close to the corners, the team that did not last touch the ball will be entitled to take a corner kick. One of the band referees will monitor this service.