The sum of atomic masses of all atoms present in one molecule of a molecular substance is its molecular mass. For example, the molecular mass of chlorine (Cl2) is 71 AMU, water (H2O) is 18 AMU and carbon dioxide (CO2) is 44 AMU.
Calculate the molecular mass of nitric acid, HNO3.
The atomic mass of H = 1 amu
The atomic mass of N = 14 amu
The atomic mass of O =16 amu
Molecular formula = HNO3
Molecular mass = 1 ( At. Mass of H)+1(At.mass of N) + 3(At.mass of O)
= 1 + 14 + 3(16)
= 1 +14 +48
= 63 amu
Ionic compounds that form three-dimensional solid crystals are represented by their formula units, formula mass. In such cases is the sum of atomic masses of all the atoms present in one formula unit of a substance. For example, the formula mass of sodium chloride is 58.5 AMU and that of CaCO3 is 100 AMU.
Calculate the formula mass of potassium sulfate ( K2SO4)
The atomic mass of K =39 amu
The atomic mass of S = 32 amu
The atomic mass of O= 16 amu
Formula unit= K2SO4
Formula mass of K2SO4 = 2(39)+1(32)+4(16)
= 174 AMU.