The term nature encompasses everything that is part of the universe and said creation has not been intervened by human hands or anything else, that is, it was generated in a purely natural way, it developed and remains so.
In this same order of ideas, different types of life are understood by nature, such as plants, animals with their respective classes. Matter, weather, energy as it occurs naturally, and the geology of the earth are also an expression of nature.
Without a doubt, it is the word that encompasses everything that is part of the earthly and natural world, which also includes living beings and also those phenomena that arise without the intervention of people and that therefore have a natural origin, such as climatic phenomena such as rain, snow, wind, etc.
Thanks to this, when referring to nature, we usually start from the idea that it is based on a deep and true order of the universe, that is, this order was born with the world, long before the existence of the human order.
Elements that make up nature
Nature encompasses two large sets of elements that are:
- Living or animated elements : are those that arise thanks to the slow but constant evolutionary process that started from the first ancestral protocell molecules to be the pioneers of an extensive diversity of species gathered in different genera: animal, plant, bacteria, fungi and protozoa. These elements are governed by the laws of biology and survival , extracting energy from the adjacent environment (autotrophs) or consuming from other living beings ( heterotrophs )
- Inanimate or physical elements: these make up the natural environment and are subject to the laws of chemistry and physics, allowing a passive and eternal existence. Such is the case of water, stones, gases that make up sunlight and air.
- Sensitive nature : you have the ability to perceive the environment around you and react to it in various ways, as your own benefit. Primarily, it refers to animals, beings with the capacity for voluntary mobility, a variety of senses to inspect their environment, and rapid metabolism that are based on the special digestion of organic matter.
- Vegetative nature: it does not have voluntary mobility, for this reason, it lives, grows and reproduces in the same place, it encompasses plants, plant organisms and creatures with a limited or reduced capacity to respond to their environment.
- Human nature : it is in conjunction with the sensible, but unlike it, it is totally aware of its existence, of the finiteness of said existence, and thanks to this it is able to intervene and modify the environment that surrounds it, instead of choosing for adapting slowly and evolutionarily to it. It is primarily about human beings.
Impact of humanity on nature
At the beginning of life on earth, the human being was simply one more species among many others of African hominids that, due to environmental pressures, was forced to reinvent itself and thus be able to evolve.
The changes of great importance in the history of mankind, such as the agricultural revolution of the Neolithic, in large measures, such as the industrial revolution that was generated in the modern age, have consisted of new ways of exploiting the resources of nature and transforming it to our benefit.
These actions have great negative consequences for maintaining the natural order, whose transformation in the hands of human beings is not always in a careful and considerate way. In this way, it is usual that our impact on nature is translated into:
- Extinction of species and desolation of biodiversity worldwide.
- Alteration of the planet’s environmental balance , hastening the natural processes of climate change in a catastrophic way.
- Excessive pollution of nature and annihilation of ecosystems.
- Shortage of non-renewable natural resources, such as natural gas and oil.