Parody is a word that comes from the Latin parody and that originates in the most remote parts of ancient Greece , this term was designated to those poems that were intended to be the target of mockery or one with sarcasm of epic poetry and its heroic content , where the participation of hemegon de tasos stands out, apparently the pioneer of this genre .
As a satirical work, the parody is present in various media . The film, literature, music, and television industries tend to make parodies of political events or other works.
In general, exaggeration, irony and exaggeration are used when transmitting a burlesque message with the aim of amusing viewers, listeners or readers.
Parodies arose in ancient Greece, as poems that disrespectfully imitated the forms or contents of other poems. On the other hand, the Romans developed parodies as imitations of the humorous type, as did neoclassical French literature.
A clear example of parody is the famous literary work of Miguel de Cervantes “Don Quixote de la Mancha”, this is usually classified as a burlesque work from the chivalric books. The values and heroism communicated by this type of work seem subverted by Cervantes with irony and humor.
In the same way, it is important to highlight another work that was considered a parody of society at the time it was made public. We refer to Gulliver’s travels , written by Jonathan Swift in the year 1726 , in this work the adventures of a captain are narrated who will live endless adventures in various places, where in some cases he will be a giant among dwarves and in others a dwarf among giants.
Influence of irony on parody
The fundamental idea of irony is to express something with a double meaning, to make a play on words where what is said does not coincide with what is communicated.
Nowadays, irony is widely used as a communication strategy , since it allows us to make fun of someone, to satirize them, in the social and political sphere. Laugh at them thanks to this resource, or also at ourselves.
There are many people who use irony to laugh or make fun of their own defects , since in this way it makes it easier for them to cope with them and why not also accept them before an audience in a humorous way so that it is not so complex to have to assume them.
People who handle irony are classified as normally ironic, and it is usually a personality trait, it means that we can meet the person who has them or with those who do not. If it is the same, it tends to express itself through sarcasm, mockery or double meaning.
Precisely in ancient Greece, poems that were intended to mock or sarcastically criticize epic poetry were labeled in this way, and for this reason, we can say that they are the pioneers of this matter.
Types of parodies
Each parody, according to the motivations that originated it , the content they carry out and the theme they explore, can be classified in different ways. There are religious groups, for example, that emerge as a parody of a religion with the aim of making fun of a guru, a sect or a set of creeds.
It is usual that songs are composed as part of a musical parody that based on old themes to reformulate it and add new details (which may or may not be satirical in origin) and that public parodies acquire a reputation (funny imitations of traditional publications ) among many other types of parodies.
Examples of parody
- Almost 300
- Don Quijote of La Mancha
- Vulcan’s Forge
- The drunks
- Sir Thopas in Canterbury Tales, by Geoffrey Chaucer.
- Beware of the Cat by Thomas Nashe.
- I live without living in my,
and such a high life I hope,
that while I die or do not die