Society is a set of individuals who live in an organized way. The word derives from the Latin societas , which means “friendly association with others.
The term represents activity and the joint coexistence of individuals in an orderly manner, which includes a certain degree of cooperation and communication . In this same vein, what distinguishes a society is the sharing of interests between the members and the observance of reciprocal concerns. Within a society each individual fulfills specific functions.
It is extremely important to highlight that society is made up of cultural industries . That is to say, industry is an essential element to perfect the process of socio-cultural formation of any territory, this term arose in the industrial revolution , and this is considered to be the stage of production where they were carried out in society. as man generated more knowledge and therefore exploited it in the community
Human societies are the focus of study of anthropology, sociology and other social sciences. There are many ways to characterize societies, this is governed according to the organizational system, dominant values or interests. We can mention examples such as the multi-ethnic society, the information society, the capitalist society, the entertainment society, the industrial society, the knowledge society, etc.
Organization of human society
It was consolidated with the emergence of man. In prehistoric times, society was hierarchically constituted, where the boss always turned out to be the strongest, wisest and held power. It was not until Greek times when this trend of absolutist character of power changed, evolving to a social system where the lower levels of society had the possibility of occupying power or uniting to occupy it, starting the democracy that originated the emergence of politics .
However, it was not until the arrival of the French Revolution that the trend of society was radically transformed allowing anyone to rise to a high-ranking establishment, something impossible until that time.
In universal history , capitalism has always dominated , dividing society into classes, but the only way to ascend or descend socially is capital, considered power. This system was acquired from the French Revolution through the bourgeoisie.
Examples of society
- Commercial society
The term society refers to an institutional system constituted by the partners or members who participate in the capital of the company, as well as, the public limited company, society by quotas, civil society, etc.
In this area of business, a company becomes a contract by which two or more people are required to provide goods or services for the reciprocal exercise of a certain economic activity in order to share the benefits of this activity.
- Civil society
It refers to the group of citizens of a country that is socially organized, governed by the same laws, the same authority and standards of conduct, governed by entities that guarantee their safety. In this way, civil society has a political / public connotation.
Civil society can choose to protect its rights and interests through various cooperation networks. When carrying out cooperation and promotion initiatives, they obey institutionally sanctioned rules and regulations, they are also given the name of society.
A clear example of this are scientific societies, religious societies, sports societies, artistic societies, academic societies, etc.
- Scientific society
It is an association only of specialists or enlightened people from a branch of knowledge or science in general. In this society, meetings are held, the results of their research are presented, they are compared with those of their partners, who are familiar with the same domains of knowledge, and their work is disseminated through a specialized publication.