everyday science

what is ecosystem? – Examples Meaning and Types

What is an Ecosystem?

A natural habitat or system where living organisms and physical components of their environment interact with one another and exchange materials so as to achieve functional stability is called an ecosystem.

So, what is meant by an eco-system?

An ecosystem is the basic unit of the ecology of living organisms. An ecological community may be natural like a pond, lake, stream, river, ocean, or forest. It may be artificial like an aquarium, an artificial pond, or an agricultural field.what is ecosystem

An ecological community is a dynamic system where organisms living in the system are always interacting with one another and their environment. Similarly, environmental physical factors influence upon acquisition of energy.

The functioning of the ecological community depends upon the acquisition of energy. The green plants in the ecological community perform photosynthesis to synthesize energy-rich compounds. Plants are called the producers of the ecosystem. Animals depend on plants for their food. They are called consumers.

15 Examples of Ecosystem

  • Great hot deserts
  • Deserts
  • Humid tropical forests
  • Tundra
  • The savannah
  • Rainforest
  • Cold or coniferous forests
  • Temperate forests
  • Polar ecosystem
  • Wetlands
  • Lotus ecosystems
  • Lentic ecosystems
  • The high mountain
  • Coral reefs
  • Oceanic abyssal zones

Types of Ecosystems

the ecosystems can be classified into various types. typically, there are 5 major types of ecosystems which are further divided into almost 23 sub-types which are as follows:

  1. General Types of Ecosystem
  2. Terrestrial ecosystems Types
  3. Aquatic ecosystems and Their Types
  4. Mixed ecosystems
  5. Artificial ecosystems

What are the General Types of ecosystems?

the most specified classification of ecosystems on our planet is based on the environment. most of them are natural while others are made in artificial ways.

  • Aquatic ecosystems
  • Terrestrial ecosystems
  • Mixed ecosystems ( exist on water-land and air-land)
  • Modified landscape artificial or non-natural ecosystems

What are Aquatic ecosystems and Their Types?

aquatic ecosystems are those in which water presence is considered the main physical component. the water may be sweet or can be salty. the salty water type is mostly known as marine while the freshwater is present as lakes and pounds on earth.

Freshwater ecosystems

  • Lakes
  • Springs
  • Streams
  • Ponds
  • Rivers

Marine ecosystems

  • Oceans
  • Coastal saltwater lagoons
  • Seas
  • Shallow coastal waters
  • Reefs
  • Estuaries

What are Mixed ecosystems and Their Types?

the intersections of different types of terrain consequences mixed ecosystems. it can either be land of water and land, or of land and air.

  • Wetlands
  • Marshes
  • Mangroves
  • Coasts

What are Artificial ecosystems and Their Types?

artificial ecosystems are frequently increasing due to the rapid human development, speed, and frequency of technology. they are non-natural ecosystems and named anthropic or humanized. major types of this system are as follows:

  • Urban ecosystems
  • Dam or reservoir ecosystems
  • Agricultural ecosystems

List of Major Types of Ecosystems

  • Marine ecosystem
  • Freshwater ecosystem
  • Forests
  • Scrub
  • Grasslands
  • Tundra
  • Desert
  • Modified landscape ecosystem

Learn more about the ecosystem with this animated video

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